Quality is the first norm for art, but its final norm is love and truth, the enriching of human life, the deepening of our vision.


Vinci, Leonardo da - by H.R. Rookmaaker

Leonardo da Vinci: brilliant and universal

by H.R. Rookmaaker
It’s not easy to summarize the contributions of Leonardo in a short space.
For Leonardo was an extraordinarily diverse man: musician, fortress builder,
engineer, eminent equestrian, sculptor, painter, architect, anatomist, naturalist,
and art theoretician. He was a man with far too diverse interests; as a result
many of his ideas remained in their concept stage and he managed to carry
out or complete only a fraction of all that his inventive spirit considered or
Moreover, some of his important works – the fresco of the Battle of Anghiari
in Florence and the huge statue of a horseman in Milan – were destroyed
during his lifetime, so that his legacy became even more fragmented.
Nevertheless, he is and will remain a figure who can only be underrated
for it is hardly possible to judge him too highly. Why? Without his
influence, Italian painting, especially in Northern Italy during the
sixteenth century and into the seventeenth century, would certainly have
developed differently.
Yet, this is not the greatest of his contributions. His buildings and
designs are not without interest; neither are his writings about art theory.
But in these things he was not alone. The talents that earned him such an
eminent position in the court at Milan – including horsemanship, musicianship
and his work as building engineer – naturally has less significance
for later generations. His engineering projects, which included a design for
an aeroplane, were so far ahead of his time that their true value is only now
fully appreciated, yet we cannot say for sure that without Leonardo’s inventions
the course of technology would have developed differently. So, what
essentially does give this man such and exceptional position in history?
We believe that though Leonardo was and is such a fascinating
figure, it is especially in the field of drawing and science – or rather, in
connecting the two – that his greatest contribution is to be found. As a
student Leonardo worked for years in the studio of Verrocchio and
learnt there the art of a very exact representation of reality – a number
of drapery studies in the exhibition attest to this. But Leonardo was the
first person to go on and make use of his new skills in the service of science.
That was his greatest contribution and his greatest service to the
world. He was the first one to record his anatomical findings in precise
drawings – so exact that they are still of scientific merit.
Leonardo’s observations in the area of the natural sciences were
preserved by his never-resting drawing pencil. And in the connection
between the exact sciences (in which he also broke new territory) and the
art of exact drawing lies a principle upon which modern science (amongst
others) is founded: modern medical science could not function without
the very precise drawings which allowed Leonardo’s discoveries to be
shared with others. Anyone who understands the important role of
drawing in engineering will realize that Leonardo’s discovery also made
modern applied science and technology possible. All this does not detract
from his excellence as a ‘free’ sketcher. It is a feast to submit oneself to
Leonardo’s drawings – one may be tempted to say that his lines are flawless.
Originally published in Dutch in Trouw, no date (between 1949 and 1956).
Published in English in M. Hengelaar-Rookmaaker (ed.): H.R. Rookmaaker: The Complete Works 1, Piquant – Carlisle, 2003.